Thursday, April 12, 2012


You can use Photoshop to give your subjects a digital makeover and make them look more beautiful, younger, and healthier. However, it is so easy to alter images in Photoshop that new users often overdo it and make people look like plastic versions of themselves. You are trying to enhance a person’s best features and minimize other areas, not turn him or her into someone else. If your subject looks at his photo and thinks that he looks good, you have done your job well. You can use Photoshop CS3 for removing blemishes and removing red eyeenhancing the eyesreducing wrinkleswhitening teethsoftening the face, and more. You can also change someone’s hair color or eye color to fit a client’s request. You can add to any portrait by adding a catch light to the eyes, even if it was not captured by the camera. You can even reduce certain undesirable sags without plastic surgery.

You can greatly improve a portrait by removing skin imperfections. Blemishes may be natural, but they are rarely a desirable feature in a photograph. With Photoshop, you can easily remove or reduce the number of blemishes. You can even leave some but make them less obvious. With previous versions of Photoshop, you could use the Clone Stamp tool or the Patch tool for this task. Photoshop CS introduced the Healing Brush, which is even better for repairing certain skin imperfections. The Spot Healing Brush is now the simplest tool to use for removing blemishes. This tool automatically samples the areas around the spot to be removed and blends the pixels. The key to using the Spot Healing Brush is to choose a brush size that is just slightly larger than the blemish and to work in stages on separate layers. You can then change the opacity of each layer and make the changes less obvious. If you do not like the changes, you can simply discard the layers.

1.    With the image open, drag the Background layer over the New Layer icon to duplicate it.
·         A Background copy Layer is added, but the scren does not change.
2.    Click the Zoom tool.
3.    Click Resize Windows To Fit.
4.    Click and drag over the blemishes area to zoom in.

·         The image is enlarged and fills the screen.

5.    Click the New Layer icon to add a new blank layer.
·         A new layer is added in the Layers palette, but the screen does not change.
6.    Click the Spot Healing Brush.
7.    Click Sample All Layers.
8.    Click here to open the Brush Picker.
9.    Click and drag the Diameter slider to adjust the brush size.
o   Note: The brush size should be just larger thanthe blemish that you want to remove.
10. Click each of the worst blemishes of a similar size first.
·         Photoshop removes the blemishes and blends the surrounding skin area.
11. Click the New Layer icon to add another blank layer.
12. Repeat steps 8 to 10, clicking the other blemishes.
·          Layer 2 should be highlighted in the Layers palette.
13. Click here and drag the Opacity slider for Layer 2 to the left until the skin looks natural.
14. Press the Option key and click the New Layer icon.
·         The New Layer dialog box appears.
15. Type a name such as Skin Tone in the Name field.
16. Click here and select Overlay for the mode.
17. Click Fill with Overlay-Neutral Color (50% Gray).
18. Click OK.
·         A gray layer in Overlay mode appears in the Layers palette.
19. Click the Brush tool.
20. Click here and select a small soft-edged brush.
21. Click here and reduce the brush opacity to about 3%.
22. Click here to reset the default colors to black and white.
23. Click here to reverse the colors, making white the foreground color.
24. Paint over any dark spots in the image to smooth the skin.
·         The skin tone appears smoother.
25. Continue painting over any dark areas, adjusting the size of the brush tool as necessary.
26. Click here and drag the Layer Opacity slider to the left to reduce the effect for a more natural  look.
27. Click the Visibility icon for the gray layer off and on to compare the image before and after the adjustment. The skin tone is smoothed and appears\natural rather than over-corrected.

More Options!

You can press the X key to reverse the background and foreground colors and paint with black to darken any areas that appear too light. However, if\your image starts to appear unnatural, open the History palette and click back several steps to undo the changes. Then continue painting until the skin tone appears natural.

You may not see much of a change as you paint with the Brush opacity set to 3%; however, when you turn off the Visibility icon for the layer, you will definitely see the changes. You can increase or decrease the brush opacity one or two percent, brush over an area, and then check the changes by toggling on and off the Visibility icon.

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